Citylinks counselling helps and support people with issues like stress, anxiety and other emotional difficulties through exploration, reflection and discussion

Types of different Therapies

We offer both long term and short-term therapy to

We also provide supervision to trainee, experienced psychotherapists and counsellors


A summary of the main skills and approaches offered are:

Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Therapy

What is psychodynamic therapy?

Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychotherapy encourages clients to explore beyond the immediate and obvious reasons for his or her difficulties. For many, the difficulties lie in repeating patterns of behaviour or defence mechanisms that although once an essential tool for coping with emotional distress no longer work or even hinder their ability to manage and develop in their current life situations.

Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychotherapy is a non-judgmental, reflective process. It enables clients to explore past and present experiences and relationships and to think about the possible significance of these experiences on the issues that concern them in their immediate situation. Inevitably part of the work involves thinking about childhood, formative years and past relationships, and to think about any potentially unresolved issues and emotions that still, consciously or unconsciously may play a part in the difficulties being experienced by the individual.

As with all approaches to therapy, the building of trust with the client and the therapist in a safe, confidential and supportive environment is an essential component of the process. The therapy is a collaborative exploration and the role of the therapist is to help the client find answers not offer advice. Over time, having developed an understanding of the client’s experiences, the therapist is able to offer reflections and possible interpretations of the issues that arise to what the client says. It is this individual therapeutic interaction that provides the opportunity for emotional understanding, reflection, growth and resolution.

Although rooted in core philosophical and methodological principles, the therapeutic style and approach offered by our Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Psychotherapists has evolved over many years of practice and incorporate a more contemporary understanding of human experience and relationships over other traditional models.


Integrative Psychotherapy

What is Integrative therapy?

Integrative Psychotherapy is a combination of modalities and techniques drawn from the Psychoanalytic, Jungian, Humanistic and Transpersonal fields of therapy. It emphasis the exclusivity of the human being and focuses on creating a safe environment where the individual can explore past experiences and how these may be affecting their daily lives.

Integrative Psychotherapy involves the therapist creating an atmosphere of safety, acceptance and containment. The therapy is a journey where both the therapist and the client are working together towards achieving the same goals. Therefore the role of the therapist is seen as a guide in the individual’s journey of self-recognition and resolution of difficulties.

Integrative psychotherapists work intuitively, often drawing from a large range of different skills and trainings including some of the following:
Art Therapy | Body Work | Drama Therapy | Gestalt Therapy | Psychosynthesis | Movement Therapy | Regression Work | Client-Centred Counselling | Transactional Analysis | Transpersonal/Spiritual Therapy | Visualisations |

Integrative Psychotherapy encourages the individual to recognise their potential. It offers the client the opportunity for change if this is appropriate. Integrative Psychotherapy is practiced in individual therapy, groups or workshops, with couples, families, adolescents and children.


Humanistic therapy

What is Humanistic therapy?

Humanistic or person-centred therapy assumes every individual has the capacity of solving their own problems by using their own innate wisdom, strengths and resilience. All individuals have an innate self-actualising tendency that allows them to fulfil their own potential which, at times may become obstructed or covered by painful life experiences. Identifying these difficulties and removing these problems is central to helping the individual fulfil their own needs. This might be achieved through self-directed growth and change, with the individual having control of what issues they wish to explore, as one will be able to identify what problems are of greatest importance that is obstructing them to living a more fulfilling life.

Humanistic or Person-Centred therapy generally focuses on the present and where the client is at that moment in life; rather exploring past issues to assist the client to search for their own actualising tendencies, creativity and self-healing to fulfil their own potential. This therapy is less directive or prescriptive than some other therapies, such as CBT, and psychodynamic.

Humanistic or Person-Centred therapy can be used to explore a wide range of issues, including depression, substance abuse, anxiety disorders, panic disorders, eating disorders, body-image issues, relationship issues, low self-esteem and confidence. It can be used over a short period of time or over a longer term as part of long term treatment which will be discussed at the initial consultation.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is CBT?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapies (CBT) consists of goal-oriented, systematic procedures that focus on the ‘here and now’ and on recognising negative thought patterns to alleviate symptoms. CBT comprises of a combination of approaches including cognitive, rational-behavioural and multi-modal therapies and is sometimes used in conjunction with mood-stabilising medication or hypnotherapy.

CBT concentrates on thoughts, feelings and behaviours by questioning and testing the cognition’s, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that lie beneath awareness that is unhelpful or unrealistic. The client is required to be committed to the work in partnership with the therapist and given exercises and tasks to complete in-between sessions. Relaxation, mindfulness and distraction techniques are commonly included and also offered as tasks or exercises outside of therapy. It is recognised that CBT is a process even where clients have learned to recognise counter-productive mental processes.


Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

What is Mindfulness?

MBCT derives from CBT and, like CBT, assumes our thought processes can influence the way we feel which in turn affects how we behave. CBT proposes problematic behaviours or conditions are a result of our thoughts becoming distorted, which often lead to uncomfortable feelings and experiences, for instance, anger, fear or shame. This then leads onto unwanted, repetitive or obsessive thoughts and behaviours as an attempt to relieve or control unwanted negative thoughts and uncomfortable feelings.

MBCT differs from Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in that it emphasises mindfulness, as way of specifically paying attention to the present moment and those experiences. It is this technique that is used to try and alter problematic behaviour. CBT challenges negative or distorted thoughts by examining their validity. Mindfulness encourages a person to become more observant to distorted thoughts as oppose to reactive which encourages acceptance as oppose to resisting, which lessens their obstruction. Mindfulness treatment will focus on specific behaviour change and provide very practical strategies for coping with current issues and problems that may be affecting your day to day living.
Cognitive behavioural therapy, psycho-dynamic therapy to treat needs. Our therapists use different approaches to suit the client’s personality, issues & needs.


If you would like to further discuss any other treatment types or even arrange a consultation about what type of therapy might be suitable for you, then please call us free on: 020 8257 7901 or 07713 148873